Portland Public Schools
Portland, Oregon

Image of Lincoln logoLincoln High School

Home of the Cardinals

1600 SW Salmon St | Portland, OR 97205
Phone: (503) 916-5200 | Fax: (503) 916-2700

Research At Lincoln

Writing at Lincoln

When you prepare a final draft of an essay be sure to follow all of the instructions you have been given by your teacher. Your teacher will determine which documentation and formatting style you will use. The most common are MLA and APA.

Research Writing

 The purpose of research is not simply to retrieve data, but to conduct a scholarly investigation and create new knowledge. As an ethical writer it is your responsibility to give credit to those scholars whose work helped you in your pursuit of this new knowledge. You do this by citing ideas and words that you borrow from other sources. Failure to do this is called plagiarism.

Plagiarism is the use of someone else’s words or ideas as if they were your own.

Plagiarism is copying a phrase, a graphic, or an excerpt from a source without giving proper citation.

Plagiarism is copying material directly from a source, giving the citation, but leaving out quotation marks.

How can you avoid plagiarizing? Citations!

Bottom line, cite any words, ideas, or graphics that originate somewhere outside of you. If you don't cite all of your sources, intentionally or not, it is plagiarism.

When and how do I cite?

The following websites will help guide you through the research process:

The Online Writing Lab (OWL) is an extensive online writing guide that is provided by Purdue University.

Writing an Academic Paper is an extensive online writing guide used at Dartmouth.

Essay Outline Example (pdf)

Annotated bibliography

Recommended websites

Librarian's internet index: high-quality websites carefully selected, described, and organized by librarians.

Homework Center


ArtCyclopedia The guide to great art on the internet.


Oregon State Legislature Every thing about our state's legislature.

Oregon Revised Statutes

FindLaw.com A law site covering all legal issues, from accidents & injuries to dangerous products.

Oyez.org The OYEZ Project is a multimedia archive devoted to the Supreme Court of the United States and its work. It aims to be a complete and authoritative source for all audio recorded in the Court since the installation of a recording system in October 1955.


What is literary criticism?  How do I find it?
You have access to all of the recommended resources through the Lincoln Library's print collection or Multnomah County's online database: Literary Resource Center.


Mayo Clinic

Multnomah County Teen Health

Medline provides authoritative health information from the National Instutute of Health.

SAMHSA Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.

NIDA The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) is a United States federal-government research institute whose mission is to "lead the Nation in bringing the power of science to bear on drug abuse and addiction.

National Institute of Mental Health is the largest research organization in the world specializing in mental illness.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has information on diseases, safety, and healthy living.

WebMD WebMD provides valuable health information, tools for managing your health, and support to those who seek information. You can trust that the content is timely and credible.

Health Central The HealthCentral Network, Inc. links you to web sites and online medical information. This site also provides connections to a vast community of leading experts that can help people seeking to manage and improve their health.

IB Extended Essay

Lincoln Library Extended Essay Support Site



Great Events from History: The 20th Century 1901 – 2000  identifies key events that helped to shape the course history. For each event there is a 3-5 page historiographic essay that includes major figures involved, a summary describing the event, an assessment of the events historical significance and an annotated list of highly regarded scholarly resources.


PSU Library catalog remote access.

PSU Library online database you will need to be use both of these sites for your PSU library fieldtrip assignment.

The Online Writing Lab (OWL) is an extensive online writing guide that is provided by Purdue University.

Samples of exemplary Extended Essays

Princeton University Library History Web Sites is a strong source to find information pertaining to historical events and records.

Bedford Research Center

Social Studies

World Factbook The CIA's world factbook. It includes maps, country profiles, flags, and much more.

BBC News Country Profiles provides a more international look at the history, politics and economics of most countries of the world.

LOC: Country Studies The Country Studies Series presents a description and analysis of the historical setting and the social, economic, political, and national security systems and institutions of countries throughout the world.

Government Statistics The Statistical Abstract of the United States, published since 1878, is the authoritative and comprehensive summary of statistics on the social, political, and economic organization of the United States.

World Newspapers.com provides access to World Newspapers, Magazines, and News Sites in English.