School FTE Allocations

The General Fund staffing formula has four components: Kindergarten, Ratio FTE, Equity Allocation and School-Wide Support. All FTE allocations are still measured in licensed equivalents, meaning classified employees count against allocations half as much as licensed employees.

The methodologies behind these basic components are summarized below (Click the Descriptions of School Staffing Formulas link to the right for a more complete description of these methodologies).

Ratio Full Time Equivalent (FTE)– Staff allocation based on the number of students served. This component includes, but is not limited to, teachers, educational assistants, and library and technology staff. Ratio FTE does not include funding for kindergarten.

  • 25.80:1 for Elementary K-5s
  • 24.00:1 for Elementary K-8s
  • 24.75:1 for Middle Schools
  • 23.65:1 for High Schools

Kindergarten – Kindergarten teacher and assistant allocation based on the number of students served. The initial allocation, shown in this budget document, provides sufficient staff for a maximum class size of 26. Additional resources may be allocated in the fall based on actual students enrolled.


Equity Allocation – This allocation is eight percent of the non-administrative formula (Ratio, Kindergarten, Equity) FTE. Half of the Equity FTE will be allocated for Socio-Economic Status (as in past years), and the other half of the Equity FTE will be allocated by subgroups Portland Public Schools has historically underserved. 

School-Wide Support – This allocation provides administrative support and selected non-teaching positions. School-wide support is based on school size and configuration (K-5, K-8, K-12, middle and high schools). Positions staffed by this component include principals, vice principals, assistant principals, counselors and clerical support.

Non-Formula – Formula-based allocations cannot always reflect the special circumstances of a particular school. Non-formula allocations address unusual school requirements or schools in transition. 

Determining the Student Count

Staffing for 2015/16 SY is based on projected October 2015 Enrollment.  Projections of 2015-16 have been done by the Portland State University’s Population and Research Center (PRC).  PRC has forecast district enrollment since 1999.  Adjustments are made to account for changes in school configuration (e.g., adding a grade), a new school or program or a program expansion, changes in transfer policy or boundaries, or changing demographic factors. 


If you have any further questions about how your General Fund allocation was computed, please call Shawn Helm, Data and Policy Analysis, at Ext. 63324.